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The Department of Linguistics and Punjabi Lexicography (originally The Department of Linguistics and Survey) established in 1966. The department was started with the aim of promotion of linguistic studies for the overall development of Punjabi language. So, the primary aim of the department is to encourage the research and teaching in Punjabi language and linguistics by keeping in mind the new avenues in the field of linguistics. The department is known for its teaching and research contribution in the field of linguistics and lexicography. The department was baptised in 1971 as the Department of Anthropological Linguistics which was later renamed in nineties as Department of Linguistics and Punjabi language. Later in the year 2006, the Department of Linguistics and Punjabi Language and the Department of Punjabi Lexicography were merged to streamline the Punjabi linguistic and lexicographic research and the present department, The Department of Linguistics and Punjabi Lexicography was formed. Presently the department has one Professor, one Associate Professor and five Assistant Professors. By working in the direction of promotion of Punjabi language, the short term courses of Punjabi as a Second/Foreign language are encouraged.

In order to achieve this goal, an adequate teaching/learning material has been formulated. The department has a proud privilege of producing eight dictionaries. In addition, the department has published books on linguistics and a department journal 'Pàkha Sanjam'. Many individual and department projects are also in progress. The academic potential of the faculty has made a mark at national level. In response, the government funding agencies like CIIL, TDIL etc. and Punjabi Language Promotion Bodies have allocated projects to the department. Since its inception, the department has been engaged in imparting instructions at Postgraduate level and guiding students for M. Phil. and Ph.D. Degrees. Entry at M. Phil. and Ph. D. level is through entrance test. Most of the students of this department have taken up teaching as profession. Some of them have opted for higher studies, research jobs and some even have floated their own enterprises.